Canine Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) at MVMC
Canine Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) offers a safe and natural cell therapy to relieve the pain of joint disease or injury, promote healing, and reduce recovery time using your dog's own blood. This simple procedure can be done in the hospital as a day-procedure.
Your dog may be a candidate for PRP if it is experiencing any of the following conditions:
- hip dysplasia
- elbow dysplasia
- knee arthritis
- ligament damage
- non-healing wounds
- those with joint injuries that may not be surgical candidates for various reasons
What are Platelets?
Platelets are a cell-like component of blood and are primarily responsible for the development of clots. Platelets also contain a remarkable array of growth factors involved in healing. The list includes platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF), ß-thromboglobulin, fibroblast growth factor, insulin-like growth factor 1, epidermal growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor. These growth factors are primarily responsible for the recruitment and differentiation of progenitor cells; promoting angiogenesis, new tissue growth, and replenishing the extracellular matrix.
What is in platelet therapy?
Most platelet therapies are made up of cells, cell-parts, and plasma constituents. While there is no agreement on what the best product composition is for any given indication, the one thing all platelet therapies have in common is the concentration of platelets. Current evidence suggests that platelet concentrations at least 3 times above naturally occurring levels provide effective treatments.
How long does it last?
Treatment benefits typically last 3-6 months, but can last for up to 1 year.
What is involved in the procedure?
Blood is drawn from your dog and put through a centrifugation process that allows for extraction of serum that is rich in platelets. Your dog is then sedated, and the PRP solution is injected into the affected joint(s). The volume administered can range from 1 to 5 mL depending upon the dog, the joint, and the extent of disease. This procedure is done as an in-hospital day procedure.
How long does it take?
The entire procedure typically takes 30 to 40 minutes.
What is recommended the day of treatment?
We ask owners to restrict their dogs to leash walking the day of treatment, and for the first day or two following treatment. Thereafter, they can resume unrestricted activity. Dogs should not be forced to run for the first week or two.
How will my dog feel immediately after the treatment?
Some dogs have displayed discomfort that can be treated with ice for the first 20 minutes post-procedure and again every 8 hours for the first 24-48 hours. If needed, an oral analgesic may be used the first day or two after the treatment.
How long does it take to recover from the treatment and see benefit?
Most owners report seeing benefits within the first few days.