Ophthalmology is the branch of veterinary medicine that concerns diseases and conditions that affect a pet’s vision. This includes diagnosing and treating problems with the structures surrounding the eye such as eyelids, eye socket, and conjunctiva.
Maine Veterinary Medical Center has an experienced, board-certified veterinary ophthalmologist on staff to treat these conditions.
The most common include:
- Corneal ulcer
- Cherry eye (prolapsed nictitating membrane)
An appointment with our ophthalmologist begins with a thorough evaluation of the affected animal’s visual system, during which a battery of standard tests will be administered. Depending on a pet’s symptoms, these include the Schirmer tear test, a fluorescein stain, and a measurement of intraocular pressure.
Ophthalmological disorders sometimes require more advanced diagnostic testing to determine the root cause of the problem. If your pet’s diagnosis is more complicated, our ophthalmologist might recommend one or a combination of the following:
- Electroretinography (ERG)
- High-resolution B-scan ocular ultrasonography
- Chromatic pupillary light reflex testing to facilitate diagnosis of SARDS and immune-mediated retinitis
- Doppler blood pressure measurement
- Ophthalmography of the anterior segment and fundus
In certain cases, surgery might be called for to correct the problem. Our ophthalmological specialist is trained in a wide array of procedures, including:
- Cataract removal and intraocular lens implantation with species-specific lens size and refractive power
- Corneal laceration repair
- Conjunctival graft
- Corneoscleral transposition
- Corneal transplantation for structural support
- Keratotomy using grid or diamond burr for superficial chronic corneal erosions in dogs
- Repair of prolapsed gland of the nictating membrane and/or everted cartilage repair
- Dermoid removal
- Lens removal for luxations
- Glaucoma procedures including gonioimplantation and endoscopic laser cyclophotocoagulation
- Ectopic cilia excision
- Ocular tumor/mass removal
- Blepharoplasty including entropion/ectropion surgery, H-plasty, and Z-plasty
- Enucleation with placement of intraorbital silicone prosthesis
- Eyelid reconstruction
- Foreign body removal
- Ocular evisceration with placement of an intrascleral prosthesis
- Laser therapy for uveal melanomas and retinopexy
- Parotid duct transposition for medically refractory KCS
If you are a pet owner and suspect your pet might have a serious eye condition or if you are a veterinarian would like to refer one of your patients to our care, call (207) 885-1290 today.